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DDN IntelliFlash – Product Brief

Last updated September 27th, 2019 to reflect the acquisition of IntelliFlash by DDN from Western Digital. Concise and unbiased 4-page overview of the features and functionality of NetApp EF570. Product Brief includes EvaluScale Reviewing Methodology. Download this free Product Brief now!

Overview

IntelliFlash (formerly Tegile) storage systems provide multi-protocol storage with either hybrid storage using spinning media and NAND flash solid-state or all flash storage. Offerings include SAS attached flash storage devices or PCIe attached flash with NVMe protocol. IntelliFlash was acquired from Western Digital by DDN in September 2019.

The system design leverages common hardware platforms with the most recent models utilizing standard bridge-bay controllers and storage in a single 2U enclosure. Storage controller features are delivered through a combination of open source ZFS, combined with Western Digital developed features, CLI and GUI.

Flash is used to enhance the performance of the log-structured filesystem at the core of IntelliFlash systems. Use of Flash accelerates write performance by allowing the system to acknowledge a write and then coalesce data before storing it across solid-state drive modules. Recently accessed data is stored in a separate Flash read cache, enhancing read performance.

IntelliFlash systems are multi-protocol storage designed for use in general purpose environments with high performance requirements, or multiple workloads running on the same storage system. The multi-protocol file and block access provides both application and host connectivity options, which are particularly well suited to deployments where flexibility is an advantage.

All current IntelliFlash models are dual controller systems for high availability and include data protection features. The IntelliFlash architecture includes multiple RAID levels, including dual (RAID 6) and triple parity RAID, along with two-way mirroring (RAID 1) and three way mirrors. Space efficient snapshots are included with the system, which supports a nearly unlimited number of both read only and read-write snapshots. Additionally, remote asynchronous replication over iSCSI is available.

Incoming data is written to flash acting as NVRAM and mirrored to the partner controller in HA configurations. Next, a write acknowledgement is sent to the client. In-line data deduplication and compression are available, using unique hashes as a first check and then a byte-wise comparison for final validation of data duplication. The tracking of duplicate blocks of data is handled by the MASS storage controller, which also performs compression. Data may be pinned to SSD for high performance volumes dedicated to specific applications.

In 2017 Western Digital announced new models that support dual-ported PCIe attached SSDs that utilize NVMe protocol. Different endurance level SSDs are available for different usages at different price points. In 2019 Western Digital expanded their line of NVMe capable products with the more affordable N5100 model. IntelliFlash also uses the internal tiering software to support different classes of flash devices.

The IntelliFlash OS 3.10 announcement added new software features such as Live Dataset Migration to migrate data pools to other IntelliFlash systems and Hybrid Cloud Connector to send snapshots to S3 supported clouds.

 

Usage

IntelliFlash systems are designed as general purpose, high performance storage systems competing with other midrange storage systems. Target applications are those requiring high performance, particularly those with large capacity requirement. Effective capacity with compression and deduplication is listed as 4X the raw capacity.

Current generation systems are highly available (HA), providing all hot-swap components with active / active controllers with symmetric LUN access. This enables non-disruptive access during component failures and upgrades, including for host access paths or storage controllers.

The controller firmware supports FCP and iSCSI block access, along with CIFS and NFS file access via the HA controller nodes. It has been announced that NVMe over Fabric will be delivered in the future.

IntelliFlash software offers support for VMware Web client and vCenter plugins. The VMware support enables users to perform storage allocation along with performance and capacity management from within the VMware console. Additionally, support for VMware VAAI provides enhanced performance with VMware based workloads, including thin reclamation, block zeroing, and virtual machine cloning operations.

The ability to pin data into flash SSDs may further enhance performance. Specific volumes or filesystem mount points for NFS may be designated as residing in flash. When pinned, data must be copied onto the SSD cache but will remain in the cache until the system is restarted.

While there is asynchronous replication, there is no VMware SRA plugin, reducing the DR capabilities of IntelliFlash.

Highlights

  • Multi-protocol, file and block access
    • FC
    • iSCSI
    • NFS
    • SMB 3.0
  • All software included in license price
    • Deduplication
    • Compression
    • Snapshots (nearly unlimited)
    • Replication (async)
    • Live Dataset Migration
    • Hybrid Cloud Connector
  • Three product lines
    • N-Series NVMe All Flash
    • HD-Series High Density All Flash
    • T-Series SAS All Flash or Hybrid Flash
  • SAS disks + SAS SSD in either 3.5” LFF or 2.5” SFF
  • PCIe attached SSDs with NVMe protocol in 2.5” SFF
  • IntelliFlash Architecture –
    • Meta-data from ZFS filesystem is cached, accelerating some operations
    • Active / Active dual controllers (NFS is active / passive)
    • RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 6, 3 parity RAID, 3 way mirror
    • Data may be pinned in flash, must be brought onto SSD, then remains until reboot
  • SSDs as Cache (in HD models with InfiniFlash as media, and Hybrid with HDD as media)
    • Separate read and write cache built from pool of SSDs
    • Default is 10 GB / SSD for write cache
    • Remainder of SSD for level 2 read cache
  • FlashVols
    • Volumes can be pinned in SSD for high performance access
  • Controller with disks, along with expansion chassis
    • Controllers are 2U, including disk. InfiniFlash module is 3U
  • VMware Integration
    • iSCSI VAAI – Thin provisioning, Block Zero, Full Copy, HW Assisted Locking
    • FCP VAAI – Thin provisioning, Block Zero, Full Copy, HW Assisted Locking
    • NAS VAAI – None
    • VMware vCenter – Web Management Console GUI plugin
  • Encryption with internally managed keys

Evaluator Group Opinion: Differentiating elements for DDN IntelliFlash

IntelliFlash added management software and created multiple, dual-controller models to deliver an all-flash or hybrid system with low entry prices. The maturity of the ZFS NAS implementation includes a full spectrum of file protocols, more than is usual in most products. A full suite of advanced features is also available including migration of snapshots to S3 compatible clouds and object storage.

The IntelliFlash is not a scale-out system, which means for increasing performance in parallel with capacity, a new controller pair (another model) must be installed. Other competitive systems have implemented scale-out functionality for a more measured growth. Evaluator Group believes that at some point scale-out capabilities will be added to the system as a competitive necessity.

Western Digital did well with tuning the system for block performance and addressing needed characteristics for an all-flash storage system in enterprises. With the acquisition by DDN IntelliFlash will continue to expand as a competitive storage solution.

 


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